The papal election, of course, is the mother of all competitions, in my book, and the biggest example of promotion from within. For this election, the College of Cardinals will choose from within its ranks, in conclave, the next pope when Benedict XVI dies. Since the days of Michelangelo, each cardinal's choice has been a tightly held secret, known only to the cardinals and punishable by excommunication if revealed. Betting pools spring up around Rome during this time, each favoring a particular cardinal or the country the future pope will be from. (Network news also gets into the fray by analyzing the odds on whom the next pontiff might be — as if you could ever really analyze the workings of a conclave, in my opinion.) A pope from a country that hasn't had a pope in centuries can mean a great deal of pride for that country, as was the case with Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtyla, who was elected pope in 1979 and become Pope John Paul II, the first non-Italian pope in four centuries.
Cardinals themselves are chosen by the pope, and with little competition. As a cardinal, you are created and placed strategically anywhere in the world where the pope thinks you will do the most good, as is the case with our new Co-adjutor Archbishop Jose Gomez, the first Latino archbishop in many decades, who will serve a predominant Latino population of faithful. Arguments, for and against the appointment, arise. And people try to predict the future of the appointee. Will he become a cardinal? Is he a future pope? What are the odds that his appointment won't be a colossal mistake and make things worse for an archdiocese already neck-deep in controversy?