The new law will provide limited immunity to up to two individuals under the age of 21 who seek assistance for, and remain with, a friend during an alcohol-related emergency. It is intended to protect only a few individuals who are acting in good faith, Portantino said. It does not protect a large group of people engaging in illegal behavior, nor does it protect individuals under the influence of illegal narcotics.
A number of states and colleges already are employing similar policies and the results are positive, Portantino said. He cited the Medical Amnesty Protocol implemented at Cornell University in 2002. After the school adopted and publicized its 911 immunity law, there was a 22% increase in the number of emergency medical calls on campus. And 61% of individuals said they felt less afraid to call for help on behalf of a friend. Further, the number of students visiting the student health center for alcohol counseling doubled.
"All the statistics show that this is a very effective tool to help save lives," Portantino said. "It is not about the drinking, it is about getting medical help to kids who need it."
Portantino initiated the legislation, which received strong bipartisan report, following a suggestion from La Cañada High School PTA President Kathy Hernandez, who read an article by Los Angeles Times reporter Maura Dolan about the alcohol-related death of a teenage boy in Orinda, Calif.
"[AB 1999] definitely doesn't advocate teen drinking, but we have to be realistic," Hernandez said. "There are a lot of underage people who drink; and if they are going to, I want them to be safe. If a kid is ever in a situation where they need medical help, or they can get medical help [for a friend], I hope everybody involved has the incentive to do what is right."