Retired couples in which one spouse did not work or had low earnings have the most to gain from this provision. However, low-earning spouses must wait until what the Social Security Administration calls the “full retirement age” to collect the full 50%. (For baby boomers born between 1943 and 1954, the full retirement age is 66.)
Benefits are reduced for spouses who collect before their full retirement age. For example, a low-earning spouse whose full retirement age is 66 would only be eligible for 35% of the higher earner’s benefit at age 62. The spousal benefit does not increase above 50% of the higher earner’s benefit if claiming is delayed beyond the full retirement age.
The lower earner cannot receive spouse’s benefits until the higher earner files for retirement benefits. Workers who have reached their full retirement age may apply for retirement benefits and then request to have the payment suspended.
Claiming and suspending payments allows the lower earner to claim a spousal benefit and the higher earner to continue working and earn delayed retirement credits until age 70.
“This would tend to maximize their lifetime benefits and more importantly maximizes the survivor’s benefit,” says Andrew Biggs, a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute and a former deputy commissioner of the Social Security Administration. “You will ensure you will have a higher benefit when you need one, which is when you are a widow later in life.”
Social Security checks increase 7-8% for each year of delayed claiming between your full retirement age and age 70. After age 70 there is no additional benefit for waiting to collect your due.